Research Projects Directory

Research Projects Directory

1,637 active projects

This information was updated 5/28/2022

The Research Projects Directory includes information about all projects that currently exist in the Researcher Workbench to help provide transparency about how the Workbench is being used. Each project specifies whether Registered Tier or Controlled Tier data are used.

Note: Researcher Workbench users provide information about their research projects independently. Views expressed in the Research Projects Directory belong to the relevant users and do not necessarily represent those of the All of Us Research Program. Information in the Research Projects Directory is also cross-posted on AllofUs.nih.gov in compliance with the 21st Century Cures Act.

4 projects have 'black' in the project title
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Urban Health Disparities among Black and Latino People

Globally, more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas; and urbanization negatively affects the social determinants of health (WHO, 2022). Access to healthy foods and a healthy and safe environment are especially affected by urbanization; and barriers…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

Globally, more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas; and urbanization negatively affects the social determinants of health (WHO, 2022). Access to healthy foods and a healthy and safe environment are especially affected by urbanization; and barriers to these necessities facilitate negative mental and physical health outcomes. Environmental hazards and food access barriers disproportionately affect racial and ethnic minority groups in urban areas, especially Black and Latino people. This analysis will utilize the All of Us Research data to analyze how urbanization contributes to health disparities in Black and Latino city dwellers.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Population Health
  • Social / Behavioral

Scientific Approaches

This study will utilize secondary quantitative data from the All of Us Research dataset. Multiple logistic regression will be used to determine associations between the negative aspects of urbanization and its effect on health outcomes of Black and Latino urbanites. The regression models will be adjusted for race/ethnicity, gender identity, socioeconomic status, and other determinants of health.

Anticipated Findings

It is hypothesized that this study will find that urbanization negatively affects the social determinants of health, specifically food and healthcare access and a safe environment; and thus increases the likelihood of developing Type II diabetes, asthma, obesity, and mental health issues such as depression and anxiety. WHO (2022) anticipates that by 2050 more than 68% of the worlds population will live in urban areas. This study will add knowledge about health disparities in already marginalized populations that are most affected by the rate of urban sprawl.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Access to Care
  • Education Level
  • Income Level

Data Set Used

Controlled Tier

Research Team

Owner:

  • Jade Bedell - Other, New York Medical College School of Health Sciences and Practice

HIV risk of Black behaviorally bisexual women

I will use this workbench to help recruit participants for a research study. The study is intended to explore the lived experiences of women who have sex with women and men (WSWM) and the connection between their relationship dynamics and…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

I will use this workbench to help recruit participants for a research study. The study is intended to explore the lived experiences of women who have sex with women and men (WSWM) and the connection between their relationship dynamics and sexual practices, in relation to HIV risk.

The specific question I intend to study is: How do the relationship dynamics and sexual practices of Black behaviorally sexual women influence HIV risk?

Looking at the relationship dynamics of WSWM (i.e. self-esteem, power, and intimate partner violence) may help gain insight on the sexual risk behaviors of WSWM’s that exist in those relationships, and how they may be related to increased HIV risk. Identifying these dynamics and behaviors may inform future clinical cultural competence interventions which address the problem associated with the phenomena of sexual practices within WSWM relationships, and increased HIV risk within these relationships, which result from unprotected sex.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Population Health
  • Social / Behavioral

Scientific Approaches

I plan to conduct a qualitative study, using a phenomenological approach. Participant qualification will be deemed by completion of a participant inclusion survey. All study questions will be answered in a virtual interview format (i.e. Zoom).

Anticipated Findings

This study was designed to address the limited research that currently exists on HIV prevention and testing interventions for women who have sex with women, to also include interactions with men. The anticipated findings from the study intend to identify which dynamics of participant relationships (i.e self-esteem, power) may contribute to sexual decision making. The intent is to identify patterns in sexual decision making and consequent sexual-risk taking behaviors that may increase risk in contracting or transmitting HIV.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Sex at Birth
  • Gender Identity
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Geography
  • Others

Data Set Used

Registered Tier

Research Team

Owner:

  • DaJaneil McCree - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, University of Michigan

Functional GI Disorders Among Black/AA Patients

The aim of this study is to explore and characterize common functional GI diseases among patients who identify as African American or Black. We are interested specifically in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). As a part of this research study, we…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

The aim of this study is to explore and characterize common functional GI diseases among patients who identify as African American or Black. We are interested specifically in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). As a part of this research study, we will be comparing comorbidities, demographic, socioeconomic information, and medical management among among patients who identify as African American or Black, as well as Caucasians. Minority populations are more likely to face health disparities and issues related to access to care, however they are frequently underrepresented in clinical research. Research focused on investigating diseases which affect people from a an array of racial and ethnic backgrounds is one way to help take steps towards ensuring quality of clinical care for all patients.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Disease Focused Research (Functional GI Diseases)

Scientific Approaches

To complete this study, we plan to utilize several datasets, based primarily on four different cohort populations from the All of Us database, including a cohort of Black patients with IBS, a cohort of Black patients without IBS, a cohort of White patients with IBS, and one without. By creating an age and sex matched control group, we will not only be able to compare differences in overall health status, but also differences in patient socioeconomic status, perceptions of the health care which they receive based on survey data, as well as basic demographics. Following the creation of the cohorts, we will use the exported data, All of US notebook and statistical software to identify whether or not there are meaningful differences between the groups.

Anticipated Findings

There have not been many studies of functional GI diseases, or IBS in general which have been specifically focused on Black populations, however one epidemiological study from 2005 demonstrated that IBS occurs less frequently among African Americans, although the disease IBS affects quality of life among both ethnicities, the degree of impairment is similar. A second population-based study has been published which explored racial differences in the overlap between IBS and dyspepsia between African American and Caucasians. Comorbid functional GI disorders other than dyspepsia have not been explored. Specific perceptions of care have also not been thoroughly explored in this population. Our study utilizing All of Us Data will contribute to the field by creating a more holistic picture of the characteristics, medical management and health perspectives of black patients living with IBS, using a generalizable population database.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Age
  • Sex at Birth
  • Gender Identity

Data Set Used

Registered Tier

Research Team

Owner:

Collaborators:

  • Kyle Staller - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, Mass General Brigham

Functional GI Disorders Among Black/AA Patients

The aim of this study is to explore and characterize common functional GI diseases among patients who identify as African American or Black. We are interested in comparing comorbidities, demographic and socioeconomic information, and medical management among this group. Minority…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

The aim of this study is to explore and characterize common functional GI diseases among patients who identify as African American or Black. We are interested in comparing comorbidities, demographic and socioeconomic information, and medical management among this group. Minority populations are more likely to face health disparities and issues related to access to care, however are frequently underrepresented in clinical research. Research focused on Investigating diseases, which towards to ensure better quality of clinical care for all patients.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Disease Focused Research (Functional GI Diseases)

Scientific Approaches

To complete this study, we plan to utilize several datasets, based primarily on four different cohort populations from the All of Us database, including a cohort of Black patients with IBS, a cohort of Black patients without IBS, a cohort of White patients with IBS, and one without. By creating an age and sex matched control group, we will not only be able to compare differences in overall health status, but also differences in patient socioeconomic status, perceptions of the health care which they receive based on survey data, as well as basic demographics. Following the creation of the cohorts, we will use the exported data, All of US notebook and statistical software to identify whether or not there are meaningful differences between the groups.

Anticipated Findings

There have not been many studies of functional GI diseases, or IBS in general which have been specifically focused on Black populations, however one epidemiological study from 2005 demonstrated that IBS occurs less frequently among African Americans, although the disease IBS affects quality of life among both ethnicities, the degree of impairment is similar. A second population-based study has been published which explored racial differences in the overlap between IBS and dyspepsia between African American and Caucasians. Comorbid functional GI disorders other than dyspepsia have not been explored. Our study utilizing All of Us Data will contribute to the field by creating a more holistic picture of the characteristics, medical management and health perspectives of black patients living with IBS, using a generalizable population database.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Age
  • Sex at Birth
  • Gender Identity

Data Set Used

Registered Tier

Research Team

Owner:

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Request a Review of this Research Project

You can request that the All of Us Resource Access Board (RAB) review a research purpose description if you have concerns that this research project may stigmatize All of Us participants or violate the Data User Code of Conduct in some other way. To request a review, you must fill in a form, which you can access by selecting ‘request a review’ below.