Research Projects Directory

Research Projects Directory

1,637 active projects

This information was updated 5/28/2022

The Research Projects Directory includes information about all projects that currently exist in the Researcher Workbench to help provide transparency about how the Workbench is being used. Each project specifies whether Registered Tier or Controlled Tier data are used.

Note: Researcher Workbench users provide information about their research projects independently. Views expressed in the Research Projects Directory belong to the relevant users and do not necessarily represent those of the All of Us Research Program. Information in the Research Projects Directory is also cross-posted on AllofUs.nih.gov in compliance with the 21st Century Cures Act.

2 projects have 'Disparities in maternal mortality and morbidity in the USA' in the project title
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Disparities in maternal mortality and morbidity in the USA

Maternal health is an important part of the health system of any country. Wit U.S, maternal mortality and morbidity is higher compared to any other developed country. According to PMSS report maternal death rate is 17.3 per 100,000 live birth.…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

Maternal health is an important part of the health system of any country. Wit U.S, maternal mortality and morbidity is higher compared to any other developed country. According to PMSS report maternal death rate is 17.3 per 100,000 live birth. The World Health Organization (WHO) report says the position of the U.S in maternal mortality ranking is 56, which is unacceptable for a developed country. A clear picture of disparity is present in every report dealing this topic. The mortality rate among black American women is about 3 times higher than Non-Hispanic white women. The death rate among other minorities like Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian-Pacific Islander is also higher. The case of maternal morbidity is also not different. The maternal death rate among Hispanic-Whites are lower, however Severe Maternal Morbidity (SMM) is higher among this minority group.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Population Health
  • Social / Behavioral
  • Educational

Scientific Approaches

With the time-stamped data for different procedures, laboratory results, and other hospital visits for the patient cohort, we aim to develop a process mining algorithm to identify variations in care pathways that cause adverse maternal outcomes. Process mining approaches in healthcare to identify variability in system level factors is a newer approach to conduct disparity research. Our research will address this gap in literature.
We hope to address the potential stigmatization issues by educating necessary stakeholders including hospital, providers, and policymakers. Once we have a preliminary framework, we hope to conduct a community based participatory research and engage with the community members. We propose that the process mining approach would help providers identify the “hotspots” in the care pathways that cause disparities.

Anticipated Findings

The major factors causing maternal mortality and morbidity are sociodemographic, socioeconomic, provider factors and system level factors. This research investigates the system level factors that can cause disparity in maternal health. With the AllofUs data we are trying to group the women utilized the healthcare system for their maternal care, with respect to their race/ethnicity, pregnancy complications, outcome etc. and find out the factors that caused adverse pregnancy outcome, mortality, and morbidity. Moreover, we apply novel process mining approaches to map the patient cohort and identify any changes in care pathways that may result in disparities.

The research will be helpful to find out the system-level factors other than income, insurance, or social status causing disparity in maternal health. Also, it can help in reducing those factors that have a major role in maternal health care disparities.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Geography
  • Access to Care
  • Education Level
  • Income Level
  • Others

Data Set Used

Registered Tier

Research Team

Owner:

Collaborators:

  • Sreenath Chalil Madathil - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, University of Texas at El Paso
  • Anindita Nath - Graduate Trainee, University of Texas at El Paso
  • Myrtede Alfred - Other, Medical University of South Carolina
  • A. Logan - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, Medical University of South Carolina

AN_[Disparities in maternal mortality and morbidity in the USA]

Maternal health is an important part of the health system of any country. Wit U.S, maternal mortality and morbidity is higher compared to any other developed country. According to PMSS report maternal death rate is 17.3 per 100,000 live birth.…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

Maternal health is an important part of the health system of any country. Wit U.S, maternal mortality and morbidity is higher compared to any other developed country. According to PMSS report maternal death rate is 17.3 per 100,000 live birth. The World Health Organization (WHO) report says the position of the U.S in maternal mortality ranking is 56, which is unacceptable for a developed country. A clear picture of disparity is present in every report dealing this topic. The mortality rate among black American women is about 3 times higher than Non-Hispanic white women. The death rate among other minorities like Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian-Pacific Islander is also higher. The case of maternal morbidity is also not different. The maternal death rate among Hispanic-Whites are lower, however Severe Maternal Morbidity (SMM) is higher among this minority group.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Population Health
  • Social / Behavioral
  • Educational

Scientific Approaches

With the time-stamped data for different procedures, laboratory results, and other hospital visits for the patient cohort, we aim to develop a process mining algorithm to identify variations in care pathways that cause adverse maternal outcomes. Process mining approaches in healthcare to identify variability in system level factors is a newer approach to conduct disparity research. Our research will address this gap in literature.
We hope to address the potential stigmatization issues by educating necessary stakeholders including hospital, providers, and policymakers. Once we have a preliminary framework, we hope to conduct a community based participatory research and engage with the community members. We propose that the process mining approach would help providers identify the “hotspots” in the care pathways that cause disparities.

Anticipated Findings

The major factors causing maternal mortality and morbidity are sociodemographic, socioeconomic, provider factors and system level factors. This research investigates the system level factors that can cause disparity in maternal health. With the AllofUs data we are trying to group the women utilized the healthcare system for their maternal care, with respect to their race/ethnicity, pregnancy complications, outcome etc. and find out the factors that caused adverse pregnancy outcome, mortality, and morbidity. Moreover, we apply novel process mining approaches to map the patient cohort and identify any changes in care pathways that may result in disparities.

The research will be helpful to find out the system-level factors other than income, insurance, or social status causing disparity in maternal health. Also, it can help in reducing those factors that have a major role in maternal health care disparities.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Geography
  • Access to Care
  • Education Level
  • Income Level
  • Others

Data Set Used

Registered Tier

Research Team

Owner:

  • Anindita Nath - Graduate Trainee, University of Texas at El Paso

Collaborators:

  • Sreenath Chalil Madathil - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, University of Texas at El Paso
  • Prajina Edayath - Graduate Trainee, University of Texas at El Paso
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You can request that the All of Us Resource Access Board (RAB) review a research purpose description if you have concerns that this research project may stigmatize All of Us participants or violate the Data User Code of Conduct in some other way. To request a review, you must fill in a form, which you can access by selecting ‘request a review’ below.