How does All of Us assess diversity? What communities does All of Us consider “underrepresented in biomedical research?”

All of Us is committed to engaging a cohort that is demographically, geographically, and medically diverse.

Specifically, these are the populations the program considers underrepresented in biomedical research, across different diversity categories:

  • Ancestry:
    • Race: People who select a single race other than White (e.g., Asian), or who select more than one race
    • Ethnicity: People who select an ethnicity other than those listed under the race of White (e.g., Japanese)
  • Age: Young people under 18 years old and older adults 65 and above
  • Sexual and gender minorities:
    • Sex assigned at birth: People who self-report intersex as their sex at birth
    • Sexual orientation: People who select any sexual orientation choice other than straight (e.g., gay, lesbian, bisexual, queer, asexual, etc.)
    • Gender identity: People who select any gender identity choice other than man or woman (e.g., non-binary, transgender, genderfluid, questioning, etc.)
  • Income: People with an annual household income of less than $25,000
  • Educational attainment: People without a high school diploma or GED
  • Access to care: People who currently need a medical visit, or have needed one in the past 12 months, but cannot readily use the health care system or pay for needed care
  • Geography: Residents of established rural and non-metropolitan zip codes, based on the HRSA Federal Office of Rural Health Policy data files
  • Disability: People with a physical, functional, cognitive, or other condition that substantially limits one or more life activities