Jason Carbone

Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, Wayne State University

1 active project

Social Isolation, Social Support, and Stress During COVID-19

The goal of this project is to explore the ways in which perceived social support and perceived social isolation interact with each other and other stressors to impact mental health outcomes (e.g., depression and anxiety). Social isolation is a significant…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

The goal of this project is to explore the ways in which perceived social support and perceived social isolation interact with each other and other stressors to impact mental health outcomes (e.g., depression and anxiety). Social isolation is a significant public health concern. Eradicating social isolation has been identified as one of the Grand Challenges for the field of social work and the AARP Foundation has identified social isolation as a key mission area. Social isolation is associated with a range of mental health outcomes. Gaining a better understanding of the antecedents (e.g., social stressors) of social isolation as well as the role social isolation plays in the development of negative mental health outcomes has important implications for the development of interventions. Furthermore, identifying the role of perceived social support can better elucidate these relationships and provide important information than can aide in the development of interventions.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Population Health
  • Social / Behavioral

Scientific Approaches

This study will utilize the COPE survey data and possibly link that data to other All of Us data sets (e.g., lab data to integrate biological dysregulation, basic survey, overall health, etc.) Typical epidemiological methods of data analysis will be utilized. This may include, but will not be limited to, multivariate logistic regression, multilevel modeling (for repeated measures), and causal inference techniques. Identification of additional methods and approaches may be identified upon further exploration of the data.

Anticipated Findings

It is anticipated that feelings of social isolation will (1) be associated with greater levels of mental distress, (2) greater reported stress will be associated with higher levels of social isolation, (3) the impact of stressors on social isolation will be buffered by social support. As noted above, by further explicating the ways in which stressors and social support impacts perceptions of social isolation, interventions can be developed and at-risk populations can be identified for the purposes of reducing perceived social isolation and therefore improving both physical and mental health outcomes.

Demographic Categories of Interest

This study will not center on underrepresented populations.

Research Team

Owner:

  • Jason Carbone - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, Wayne State University
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