Alison Valier

Mid-career Tenured Researcher, A.T. Still University of Health Sciences

1 active project

Young Adults’ Social Determinants of Health

Young adults sit in a unique position in the health care system, often relying on emergency health care as opposed to routine or preventative services. This trend in young adult health care is explained in part by lack of insurance…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

Young adults sit in a unique position in the health care system, often relying on emergency health care as opposed to routine or preventative services. This trend in young adult health care is explained in part by lack of insurance or access to a consistent health care provider. As young adults are more likely than other groups to be uninsured, they may have more incidence of being underserved in the health care system. Research shows young adults tend to seek care more often in emergency departments rather than use preventative care services. Understanding the barriers and potential solutions for increasing access to care for young adults is essential, as habits formed in young adulthood may continue and develop into lifelong habits. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate and describe social determinants of health affecting young adults and their utilization of various health care services.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Population Health

Scientific Approaches

This is a cross-section, descriptive study design. We plan to use descriptive statistics to examine the characteristics of young adults (18 years old - 30 years old) within the All of Us database. These characteristics include young adults’ demographic information, their social determinants of health (income, employment, access to health care services, health insurance rates, access to transportation, housing), and their utilization of both preventative and emergency health care services.

Anticipated Findings

We anticipate that we will find results similar to other literature in the field, which is that young adults underutilize preventative care services and overutilize emergency services. This research regarding the health behaviors of young adults, while impactful, is outdated. It is essential to obtain up to date information relevant to young adults’ health care utilization, including their social determinants of health, in order to determine the most effective community and public health strategies to increase patient health outcomes.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Access to Care
  • Others

Research Team

Owner:

  • Bailey Jones - Research Fellow, A.T. Still University of Health Sciences
  • Alison Valier - Mid-career Tenured Researcher, A.T. Still University of Health Sciences

Collaborators:

  • Steven Webb - Project Personnel, A.T. Still University of Health Sciences
  • Mary Wang - Other, A.T. Still University of Health Sciences
  • Mark Brunk-Grady - Project Personnel, A.T. Still University of Health Sciences
  • Corey Luebbering - Project Personnel, A.T. Still University of Health Sciences
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