Tommy Gunawan

Research Fellow, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH - NIAAA)

2 active projects

Stress, coping, and well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic

This project aims to (1) identify the types of coping strategies used in response to COVID-19-related distress, (2) how the types of distress, and cumulative COVID-related distress load affect the choice of coping strategy, (3) identify sociodemographic factors that affect…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

This project aims to (1) identify the types of coping strategies used in response to COVID-19-related distress, (2) how the types of distress, and cumulative COVID-related distress load affect the choice of coping strategy, (3) identify sociodemographic factors that affect the type and severity of distress experienced, and (4) evaluate the effectiveness of the coping strategies on well-being, mood, anxiety, alcohol and substance use. We will also evaluate the specific impact of the pandemic on alcohol and substance use behavior. Understanding the relationship between distress and outcomes in the context of COVID-19 pandemic can help identify the most effective response to cope with pandemic-related distress. Additionally, knowing how the pandemic has impacted individuals from different sociodemographic groups, and identifying the coping behaviors these groups employ, can help us understand and reduce health disparities in the population.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Social / Behavioral
  • Control Set

Scientific Approaches

Coping behavior will first be classified into either adaptive or maladaptive. Dimension reduction techniques may be employed to further categorize and summarize coping strategies. We will also evaluate the rates of alcohol and substance use as a response to COVID-related distress. Relationships between types of distress, demographic and socioeconomic factors, and effectiveness of coping strategies will be evaluated using a structural equation modeling approach. Items from the COVID-19 Related Impact section of the COPE survey will be used to assess COVID-19-related distress. Types of distress may be classified into categories (psychological, social, financial etc.) to reduce the number of variables to be analyzed. Well-being, anxiety, depression, and loneliness will be used as outcomes to determine effectiveness of the coping strategies. Separate analyses will be conducted to specifically examine alcohol- and drug-related coping strategies as they relate to the outcomes of interest.

Anticipated Findings

We expect sociodemographic factors to be associated with the types and severity of distress, with individuals from socially disadvantaged groups experiencing greater distress. We expect a positive relationship between severity of distress and engagement of coping strategies. Finally, we expect adaptive coping strategies to be associated with positive outcomes, while maladaptive coping strategies to be associated with negative outcomes. Finally, we expect endorsement of alcohol use as a coping behavior to be associated with higher problematic alcohol use, as indicated by AUDIT-C scores. Understanding how the COVID-19 pandemic differentially affects individuals of different sociodemographic backgrounds provide important information to reduce COVID-19-related health disparities. Results from the study can also help individuals choose the most effective method to cope with COVID-19-related distress.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Geography

Data Set Used

Controlled Tier

Research Team

Owner:

  • Tommy Gunawan - Research Fellow, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH - NIAAA)

Coping strategies and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic

This project aims to (1) identify the types of coping strategies used in response to COVID-19-related distress, (2) how the types of distress, and cumulative COVID-related distress load affect the choice of coping strategy, (3) identify sociodemographic factors that affect…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

This project aims to (1) identify the types of coping strategies used in response to COVID-19-related distress, (2) how the types of distress, and cumulative COVID-related distress load affect the choice of coping strategy, (3) identify sociodemographic factors that affect the type and severity of distress experienced, and (4) evaluate the effectiveness of the coping strategies on well-being, mood, anxiety, alcohol and substance use. We will also evaluate the specific impact of the pandemic on alcohol and substance use behavior. Understanding the relationship between distress and outcomes in the context of COVID-19 pandemic can help identify the most effective response to cope with pandemic-related distress. Additionally, knowing how the pandemic has impacted individuals from different sociodemographic groups, and identifying the coping behaviors these groups employ, can help us understand and reduce health disparities in the population.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Population Health
  • Social / Behavioral

Scientific Approaches

Coping behavior will first be classified into either adaptive or maladaptive. Dimension reduction techniques may be employed to further categorize and summarize coping strategies. We will also evaluate the rates of alcohol and substance use as a response to COVID-related distress. Relationships between types of distress, demographic and socioeconomic factors, and effectiveness of coping strategies will be evaluated using a structural equation modeling approach. Items from the COVID-19 Related Impact section of the COPE survey will be used to assess COVID-19-related distress. Types of distress may be classified into categories (psychological, social, financial etc.) to reduce the number of variables to be analyzed. Well-being, anxiety, depression, and loneliness will be used as outcomes to determine effectiveness of the coping strategies. Separate analyses will be conducted to specifically examine alcohol- and drug-related coping strategies as they relate to the outcomes of interest.

Anticipated Findings

We expect sociodemographic factors to be associated with the types and severity of distress, with individuals from socially disadvantaged groups experiencing greater distress. We expect a positive relationship between severity of distress and engagement of coping strategies. Finally, we expect adaptive coping strategies to be associated with positive outcomes, while maladaptive coping strategies to be associated with negative outcomes. Finally, we expect endorsement of alcohol use as a coping behavior to be associated with higher problematic alcohol use, as indicated by AUDIT-C scores. Understanding how the COVID-19 pandemic differentially affects individuals of different sociodemographic backgrounds provide important information to reduce COVID-19-related health disparities. Results from the study can also help individuals choose the most effective method to cope with COVID-19-related distress.

Demographic Categories of Interest

This study will not center on underrepresented populations.

Data Set Used

Registered Tier

Research Team

Owner:

  • Tommy Gunawan - Research Fellow, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH - NIAAA)

Collaborators:

  • Jeremy Luk - Other, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIH - NIAAA)
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