Sarah Hubner

Graduate Trainee, University of Nebraska, Omaha

2 active projects

Effects of COVID-19 on Socialization and Isolation in Latino Populations

The primary purpose is to investigate the relationships between 1) individual characteristics (e.g., age), 2) socialization, 3) loneliness/isolation, and 4) health. Emphasis will be given to comparing aging Latino/Hispanic populations to non-Latino/Hispanic populations and contextualizing results within COVID-19. To emphasize…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

The primary purpose is to investigate the relationships between 1) individual characteristics (e.g., age), 2) socialization, 3) loneliness/isolation, and 4) health. Emphasis will be given to comparing aging Latino/Hispanic populations to non-Latino/Hispanic populations and contextualizing results within COVID-19. To emphasize aging, we plan to focus on adults aged 50+. The data may inform on the experience of diverse aging populations during isolating events. Results may further understanding of the effects of isolation on activity, socialization, and health in aging populations across cohorts. These data will help inform on the relationships between socialization and loneliness in aging adults. This study will investigate relationships between (dis)engagement and health; health may be a barrier to traditional forms of socialization, while isolation may similarly reduce health outcomes. Findings will be contextualized within ethnicity to contribute to research on ethnic minorities.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Social / Behavioral
  • Other Purpose (Findings from this study may contribute to manuscripts for scientific journals and/or conference submissions.)

Scientific Approaches

Dataset development will utilize All of Us data and will occur in the researcher workbench. Data will be pulled from several All of Us datasets including: The Basics, Overall Health, Lifestyle, Personal Medical History, Health Care Access & Utilization, COVID-19 Participant Experience (COPE), and Physical Measurements. All data analysis and data visualization will be conducted within the All of Us workbench. Normality tests, regression analyses and tests of correlation (e.g. chi-square analysis, Pearson correlation, etc.) will be utilized in analyses. Results will be reported in APA style.

Anticipated Findings

The objectives of this study are to inform on the relationships between individual characteristics, socialization, loneliness/isolation, and health, particularly in aging Latino adults in the context of COVID-19. We hypothesize variables associated with disadvantage & poorer health will negatively affect downstream outcomes, including socialization; persons with less disadvantage and greater access may have higher levels of socialization; this may reduce isolation/loneliness. This may also relate to better health outcomes. However, we may uncover contributing evidence of the benefit of large/multigenerational homes, which are common in Latino cultures as they help buffer isolation for at-risk populations. This contributes to minority & marginalized peoples research by providing greater context for health/behavioral research. It may also inform future meaningful interventions to improve health and reduce isolation across diverse aging populations, particularly during isolating events.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Age

Research Team

Owner:

Collaborators:

  • Athena Ramos - Senior Researcher, University of Nebraska Medical Center

Effects of Physical Activity on Health in Aging Latino Populations

The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between 1) individual characteristics (e.g., age, gender, etc.), 2) ethnicity, 3) physical activity, and 4) subjective/objective physical health. The data will be used to further understanding of the effects…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between 1) individual characteristics (e.g., age, gender, etc.), 2) ethnicity, 3) physical activity, and 4) subjective/objective physical health. The data will be used to further understanding of the effects of antecedent characteristics on physical activity and health. Similarly, these data will help inform on the relationships between health and physical activity in aging individuals. Findings will concentrate on the context of ethnicity to contribute to research on aging ethnic minorities and marginalized populations.

The specific questions we aim to elucidate are as follows:
AIM 1. How do individual characteristics affect engagement in physical activity and subjective/objective health; how are these relationships affected by ethnicity?
AIM 2. What are the relationships between physical activity and subjective/objective health; how are these relationships affected by ethnicity?

Project Purpose(s)

  • Social / Behavioral
  • Educational
  • Other Purpose (Findings from this study may contribute to manuscripts for scientific journals and/or conference submissions. )

Scientific Approaches

Dataset development and analyses will utilize All of Us data and will occur in the researcher workbench. Data will be pulled from several All of Us datasets including: The Basics (e.g., demographic, ability, etc.), Overall Health (e.g., quality of life, everyday activities, etc.), Lifestyle (e.g., substance use), Personal Medical History (e.g., cardiovascular history), and Physical Measurements (e.g., height, weight, etc.). Normality tests, regression analyses and tests of correlation (e.g. chi-square analysis, Pearson correlation, etc.) will be utilized in analyses. Results will be reported in APA style.

Anticipated Findings

The objectives of this study are to inform on the relationships between individual characteristics, physical activity, and health, particularly in aging Latino adults. We anticipate that variables associated with increased cumulative disadvantage (e.g., race, gender, etc.) will disproportionally affect physical activity engagement and health; it is hypothesized that physical activity will positively impact health and vice versa, such that persons with more engagement are healthier. This contributes to ethnic, minority and marginalized peoples research by providing greater context for health and behavioral research by exploring both risk and protective factors. It may also serve to inform future meaningful interventions to improve health and activity in aging diverse populations.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Age

Research Team

Owner:

  • Sarah Hubner - Graduate Trainee, University of Nebraska, Omaha

Collaborators:

  • Julie Blaskewicz Boron - Mid-career Tenured Researcher, University of Nebraska, Omaha
  • Athena Ramos - Senior Researcher, University of Nebraska Medical Center
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