Kyle Melin

Mid-career Tenured Researcher, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences

2 active projects

Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder

We are interested in better understanding how patients are treated for Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) in the United States. The public health crisis presented by the opioid epidemic in the US is unprecedented and a recent Consensus Study Report from…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

We are interested in better understanding how patients are treated for Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) in the United States. The public health crisis presented by the opioid epidemic in the US is unprecedented and a recent Consensus Study Report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine concluded that medication-based treatment should be used as first line treatments for OUD. Despite the abundance of evidence demonstrating that medicated-based treatment with methadone, buprenorphine, or extended-release naltrexone is safe and effective, these treatments are still not available to many Americans. We hope to use the data from All of Us to better understand how Americans are treated for OUD and if demographic characteristics such as race, ethnicity, gender, and others have an affect on which treatments an individual receives.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Disease Focused Research (Opioid Use Disorder)

Scientific Approaches

Descriptive methods will be used to identify individuals who have reported opioid abuse or misuse or been previously treated for opioid use disorder. An inferential analysis will then be performed to identify significant demographic characteristics that may be associated with which treatments an individual receives for OUD.

Anticipated Findings

Although the opioid epidemic affects everyone living in America, we know that it has not necessarily affected everyone equally. To date, there is little data on the accessibility of medication-based treatment for OUD for minority groups, especially US Hispanics and Latinos. We hope to better understand how demographic characteristics as well as social determinants of health influence the treatments individuals receive from OUD.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Geography

Research Team

Owner:

  • Kyle Melin - Mid-career Tenured Researcher, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences

Vaccine Perceptions among Spanish-speaking Latinx

I would like to better understand the perceptions of the Covid19 vaccines and intention to get vaccinated among Spanish-speaking participants and see how these might compare to those of other participants. I will begin by exploring the data to better…

Scientific Questions Being Studied

I would like to better understand the perceptions of the Covid19 vaccines and intention to get vaccinated among Spanish-speaking participants and see how these might compare to those of other participants. I will begin by exploring the data to better understand what specific data is available and how I might be able to better structure my research questions in a meaningful way.

Project Purpose(s)

  • Population Health
  • Social / Behavioral

Scientific Approaches

I plan to use item responses from the COPE survey as well as sociodemographic factors and will stratify vaccine perceptions and intentions by these demographic factors.

Anticipated Findings

By better understanding the sociodemographic characteristics of Spanish speaking participants who have negative perceptions of the covid19 vaccine and/or intention to vaccinate, I will be able to use this information to better inform public health efforts to improve vaccination interventions among Spanish speaking people in the US.

Demographic Categories of Interest

  • Race / Ethnicity
  • Sex at Birth
  • Gender Identity
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Geography
  • Access to Care
  • Education Level
  • Income Level

Research Team

Owner:

  • Kyle Melin - Mid-career Tenured Researcher, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences
1 - 2 of 2
<
>
Request a Review of this Research Project

You can request that the All of Us Resource Access Board (RAB) review a research purpose description if you have concerns that this research project may stigmatize All of Us participants or violate the Data User Code of Conduct in some other way. To request a review, you must fill in a form, which you can access by selecting ‘request a review’ below.