Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, University of Miami
1 active project
Social Determinants of Sleep Disorders in Multiethnic Sample
Scientific Questions Being Studied
Studies show that social characteristics associated with good health, such as a high education level, marriage, and employment, are associated with healthier sleep health.
Specifically, the present research project aims to investigate the following research question:
"What is the relationship between social determinants of health such as race/ethnicity, sex/gender, age, education level, income, insurance, location, and place of birth on sleep health diagnosis in US Adults?"
Investigating the social determinants of sleep disorders in the NIH All of Us Research Program is essential for understanding the underlying causes, addressing health disparities, designing effective interventions, understanding health comprehensively, and influencing policy decisions to promote healthy sleep behaviors and overall well-being.
- Disease Focused Research (Sleep Disorders)
- Population Health
- Social / Behavioral
Phecodes for diagnoses will derive from the ICD-9/10 billing codes in participants’ electronic health records (EHRs). We used 0 phecodes of the parent category of sleep disorders (insomnia and sleep apnea) (phecode 327) in a person’s EHR to classify individuals as not having a diagnosis and 2+ phecodes as having a diagnosis (those with only one instance in their EHR were dropped). A Longitudinal study using Logistic regression analysis will assess associations between sleep disorders and social determinants of health such as race/ethnicity, sex/gender, age, education level, income, insurance, location, and place of birth level using the R statistical framework.
Among All Of Us populations, we hypothesize that participants from low-income communities, women, and those without insurance will be less likely to have recorded insomnia or sleep apnea diagnoses. Potential within-group differences could be due to self-reported versus clinically recorded diagnoses and access to healthcare.
Our findings will contribute to advanced data on which subcategory of the population is more affected by sleep health disparities, the impact of healthcare coverage on sleep health, designing effective sleep health interventions, and influencing policy decisions to promote sleep health equity.
Demographic Categories of Interest
- Race / Ethnicity
- Gender Identity
- Sexual Orientation
- Access to Care
- Education Level
- Income Level
Data Set UsedRegistered Tier
- Peter Barr - Other, Virginia Commonwealth University
- Judite Blanc - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, University of Miami
- Peter Barr - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University
- tim bigdeli - Early Career Tenure-track Researcher, SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University
You can request that the All of Us Resource Access Board (RAB) review a research purpose description if you have concerns that this research project may stigmatize All of Us participants or violate the Data User Code of Conduct in some other way. To request a review, you must fill in a form, which you can access by selecting ‘request a review’ below.